Note the Portuguese captaincies, or land grants to loyal nobles, along the Brazilian coast. Of the first 15 charters, five were not colonized, 8 were of limited success due to Indian attacks, and only two of these — São Vicente and Pernambuco — were successful right away.
Map reproduced by David Woodward (editor), The History of Cartography, Volume 3: Cartography in the European Renaissance, 2007.
What’s weird, and I never thought about it until a week ago. Is that almost every train stops at every station on its route. As you can see, there’s not a lot of traffic there between major cities. How about some more express trains?